By Charles Stephenson
The Italo-Ottoman struggle, as a prelude to the unheard of hostilities that may stick with, has such a lot of firsts and tips that could the grim destiny: the 1st third-dimensional battle with aerial reconnaissance and bombing, and the 1st use of armored automobiles, working in live performance with traditional floor and naval forces; conflict fever whipped up by means of the Italian press; army incompetence and stalemate; classes in how to not struggle a guerrilla warfare; mass dying from sickness and 10,000 extra from reprisals and executions. Thirty thousand males could die in a fight for what could defined as little greater than a scatolone di sabbia – a field of sand.
As acclaimed historian Charles Stephenson portrays during this ground-breaking research, if there's an exemplar of the futility of struggle, this can be it. except the demise and the massive fee to Italy (much greater than was once initially envisaged), the most end result used to be to halve the Libyan inhabitants via emigration, famine and casualties.
The Italo-Ottoman conflict used to be a clash overshadowed by means of the good battle – yet one that in lots of methods presaged the horrors to come back. A field of Sand should be of serious curiosity to scholars of army historical past and people with an curiosity within the historical past of North Africa and the advance of know-how in war.
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