By Egon Friedell
This is the second one quantity of Friedell's huge A Cultural background of the trendy Age. A key determine within the flowering of Viennese tradition among the 2 global wars, this 3 quantity paintings is taken into account his masterpiece. The centuries coated during this moment quantity mark the victory of the scientifi c brain: in nature-research, language-research, politics, economics, struggle, even morality, poetry, and faith. All platforms of idea produced during this century, both start with the scientifi c outlook as their starting place or regard it as their optimum and fi nal goal.
Friedell claims 3 major streams pervade the eighteenth century: Enlightenment, Revolution, and Classicism. In traditional use, via "Enlightenment" we suggest an severe rationalistic tendency of which initial levels have been famous within the 17th century. Th e time period "Classicism", is definitely understood.
Under the time period "Revolution" Friedell contains all pursuits directed opposed to what has been dominant and standard. Th e goals of such activities have been home improvement the kingdom and society, banning all esthetic canons, and dethronement of cause by means of sentiment, all within the identify of the "Return to Nature." Th e Enlightenment tendency may be noticeable as laying the floor for an age of revolution. Th is moment quantity maintains Friedell's dramatic background of the riding forces of the 20th century.
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