Download Alignment Change in Iranian Languages: A Construction by Geoffrey L.J. Haig PDF

By Geoffrey L.J. Haig

The Iranian languages, as a result of their remarkable time-depth of attestation, represent one of many only a few situations the place a shift from accusative alignment to split-ergativity is absolutely documented. but remarkably, inside of ancient syntax, the Iranian case has acquired merely very superficial insurance. This publication offers the 1st in-depth therapy of alignment swap in Iranian, from previous Persian (5 C. BC) to the current. the 1st a part of the e-book examines the declare that ergativity in center Iranian emerged from an outdated Iranian agented passive building. This view is rejected in favour of a concept which hyperlinks the emergence of ergativity to exterior ownership. hence the first mechanisms concerned isn't reanalysis, however the extension of a pre-existing development. The concept of Non-Canonical Subjecthood performs a pivotal position, which within the current account is associated with the semantics of what's termed oblique Participation. within the moment a part of the publication, a comparative examine modern West Iranian is undertaken. it may be proven that in the course of the next advancements within the morphosyntax, targeted parts reminiscent of contract, nominal case marking, or the grammar of cliticisation, in truth built remarkably independently of each other. It used to be this de-coupling of sub-systems of the morphosyntax that ended in the infamous multiplicity of alignment forms in Iranian, a undeniable fact that additionally characterises past-tense alignments within the sister department of Indo-European, Indo-Aryan. besides info from greater than 20 Iranian languages, awarded in a way that renders them obtainable to the non-specialist, there's huge dialogue of extra normal subject matters resembling the adequacy of useful money owed of adjustments in case platforms, discourse strain and the function of animacy, the concept of flow, and the query of alignment in early Indo-European.

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