Download Der Seldon-Plan: Isaac Asimovs Science-Fiction aus by Peter Sperling PDF

By Peter Sperling

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2007 im Fachbereich Soziologie - Wissen und details, word: 1,0, Pädagogische Hochschule Karlsruhe (Institut für Sozialwissenschaften), Veranstaltung: Wissenssoziologie, 15 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Die Wissenssoziologie legt zugrunde, dass die Wirklichkeit sozial konstruiert ist und beschäftigt sich damit, wie diese Wirklichkeit konstruiert wird (vgl. [Berger: 1997], S. 1). Die Literaturwissenschaft betrachtet diese sozial konstruierte Wirklichkeit als faktische Wirklichkeit und unterscheidet dazu die fiktionale Wirklichkeit. Die zuletzt genannte ist die Wirklichkeit, die in Texten als wirklich erscheint, obwohl sie Teil einer nichtwirklichen Welt ist. Sie hat aber prinzipiell keine feste Beziehung zur sozial konstruierten Wirklichkeit. Sowohl in der Wissenssoziologie als auch in der Literatur werden Wirklichkeiten konstruiert. Die Frage, wie diese Konstruktion jeweils erfolgt, ist Mittelpunkt der Literaturwissenschaft und der Wissenssoziologie.
Die Aussage, dass die fiktionale Wirklichkeit prinzipiell keine feste Beziehung zur sozial konstruierten faktischen Wirklichkeit hat, stelle ich hier in Frage. Ich behaupte, dass zumindest in der Science-Fiction-Literatur im engeren Sinne zwischen diesen beiden Wirklichkeiten sehr wohl ein Bezug besteht. Beide Wirklichkeiten werden nach denselben Prinzipien konstruiert, auch wenn von anderen Voraussetzungen ausgegangen wird. Die Konstruktion von Wirklichkeit und der Umgang mit Wissen folgen in der fiktiven Wirklichkeit der Science-Fiction-Romane und -Erzählungen den gleichen Regeln und werden von den gleichen Einflussfaktoren bestimmt wie in unserer faktischen Welt.
Speziell soll die „Foundation-Trilogie“ in dieser Arbeit untersucht werden. Eine Schlüsselrolle hat in ihr der Seldon-Plan inne, der direkt wissenssoziologische Ideen und Mechanismen beinhaltet. An ihm möchte ich nachweisen, dass wissenssoziologische Aspekte in Asimovs Werken und speziell im vom Seldon-Plan geprägten Foundation-Universum1 eine tragende Rolle spielen. Darüber hinaus möchte ich zeigen, dass die Wissenssoziologie auch über ihren Fachbereich hinaus von Belang ist und deren theoretische Grundlagen für die gesamte Science-Fiction-Literatur eine besondere Bedeutung haben. Es ist nicht möglich, innerhalb dieser Arbeit alle wissenssoziologischen Aspekte, die sich in Asimovs Werk finden lassen, zu untersuchen. Daher beschränke ich mich auf die Romane der Foundation-Trilogie und konzentriere mich dabei auf herausragende Abschnitte.
Sozusagen ein wissenssoziologischer Streifzug durch das origin Universum.


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Download Inuit and Whalers on Baffin Island Through German Eyes: by Bernd Gieseking,Ludger Muller-Ville,William Barr PDF

By Bernd Gieseking,Ludger Muller-Ville,William Barr

advised from a regular man’s viewpoint, those are the magazine and letters of Wilhelm Weike as he followed Franz Boas—the father of contemporary anthropology—on his trip to the arctic from 1883 to 1884. This awesome rfile of early arctic heritage presents a simple, direct view of the Inuit and the whalers of their arctic surroundings on the finish of the nineteenth century. With valuable contextual and complementary info, this publication contributes key insights through the contemporary wave of medical evaluate of Franz Boas’s legacy in all social sciences.

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Download Biological Anthropology and Prehistory: Exploring Our Human by Patricia C. Rice,Norah Moloney PDF

By Patricia C. Rice,Norah Moloney

Written particularly for classes that conceal organic anthropology and archaeology, this beautifully illustrated new textual content bargains the main balanced and updated creation to our human earlier.

  • Devoting equivalent time to organic anthropology and prehistory, this article exposes scholars to the numerous aspects of significant arguable matters, regarding scholars within the medical concept strategy through letting them draw their very own conclusions.
  • Amidst discussions of bones and artifacts, the textual content keeps a spotlight on humans, demonstrating to scholars how organic anthropology and archaeology follow to their lives today. 
  • Featuring the most recent study and findings pulled from the unique assets, this new textual content is much and away the main up to date textual content available.  additionally, the very best artwork application positive factors hundreds of thousands of pictures and figures, and the multimedia presentation concepts contain documentary movie clips and lecture launcher videos.

Pat Rice, a recipient of AAA’s impressive instructor Award and past-president of the final Anthropology department of AAA, and Norah Moloney, an skilled professor and energetic archaeologist, current the cloth in a transparent, clean, and simple writing style.

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Download Extreme Metal: Music and Culture on the Edge by Keith Kahn-Harris PDF

By Keith Kahn-Harris

severe metal--one step past heavy metal--can seem extraordinary or terrifying to the uninitiated. severe steel musicians have built a regularly impenetrable sound that teeters at the fringe of screaming, incomprehensible noise. severe steel circulates at the fringe of mainstream tradition in the confines of an imprecise 'scene', during which individuals discover risky subject matters resembling loss of life, warfare and the occult, occasionally embracing violence, neo-fascism and Satanism. within the first book-length examine of maximum steel, Keith Kahn-Harris attracts on first-hand examine to discover the worldwide severe steel scene. He exhibits how the scene is an area within which individuals creatively discover damaging topics, but additionally an area within which individuals event the typical pleasures of group and friendship.Including interviews with band participants and fanatics, from international locations starting from the united kingdom and US to Israel and Sweden, severe steel: tune and tradition at the area demonstrates the facility and subtlety of a frequently remarkable and misunderstood musical form.

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Download Founding Sociology? Talcott Parsons and the Idea of General by John Holmwood PDF

By John Holmwood

The theories of Talcott Parsons' are having fun with a revival on the earth of sociology. instead of following heavily the complicated unique prose on the way to clarify the speculation in its trivia, Holmwood provides a hugely readable non-technical critique of a number of of the most powerful underlying sociological topics and indicates how, even though mistaken in lots of respects, those issues were habitual, in several types, within the theories of these severe of his work.

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Download The Oxford Handbook of Food, Politics, and Society (Oxford by Ronald J. Herring PDF

By Ronald J. Herring

meals has, for many of our species historical past, been intensely political: who will get to devour what, how usually, and during what skill? the size of polity in query has shifted over the years, from very neighborhood associations dividing up grain piles to a global neighborhood imagined within the Millennium improvement ambitions of the United international locations. at the same time, the numbers and pursuits of individuals announcing political stakes in meals and agriculture have likewise shifted up and out. worldwide networks suggest social justice in distal agrarian structures, merchandising of a few farming suggestions and prohibition of others, nutrients sovereignty or efficiencies of markets and exchange. Political consumerism permits the well-endowed to "vote with their funds" for alterations in nutrition platforms faraway from domestic, yet is determined by certification and labeling from unseen associations. As an item of governmentality, meals hasn't ever been so prominent.

The thirty-five guide chapters confront 4 significant issues within the politics of nutrients: estate, know-how, justice and information. Ronald Herring's editorial creation asks how foodstuff is political, highlighting competition round the position of industry, country and data in societal judgements. the 1st portion of the instruction manual then examines know-how, technology and information in foodstuff creation. what's identified - and disputed - approximately malnutrition, poverty and meals defense? the second one part addresses ethics, rights and distributive justice: agrarian reform, gender inequality, entitlements and subsidies, and the social imaginative and prescient of the choice nutrients circulation. The 3rd part seems to intersections of agriculture and nature: wild meals, cattle, agro-ecological ways to sustainability, and weather swap and genetic engineering. The fourth part addresses nutrition values and tradition: political consumerism, labeling and certification, the technological know-how and cultural politics of meals security, values riding law of genetically converted meals and capability coexistence of GMOs, and natural and standard plants. The 5th and ultimate part seems to be at frontiers of world contentions: rival transnational advocacy networks, social routine for natural farming, the who and why of foreign land grabbing, junctures of cosmopolitan and native foodstuff narratives, the "supermarket revolution" and the overseas agrifood in low-income nations, and politics of information in agricultural futures.

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Download Anthropology and Modern Life (Routledge Revivals) by Franz Boas PDF

By Franz Boas

Anthropology and sleek Life, first released in 1929, addresses itself to an immensely vast box with readability, introducing anthropology as a special and coherent self-discipline, and demonstrating its value within the realizing of socio-cultural switch all through historical past.

The writer covers various and various components of analysis: ethnicity, together with a long dialogue of the ideas of ‘race’ and ‘nationality’; criminology, and the significance of hereditary and environmental elements in generating criminals; schooling, and the linked problems with gender, type, and what might now be referred to as ‘brainwashing’; and likewise the comparability among ‘modern’ and ‘primitive’ cultures, paying attention to the advance of socio-political associations corresponding to marriage and estate.

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Download Traveling Irishness in the Long Nineteenth Century (New by Marguérite Corporaal,Christina Morin PDF

By Marguérite Corporaal,Christina Morin

Exploring the results of touring, migration, and other kinds of cultural touch, quite inside of Europe, this edited assortment explores the act of touring and the illustration of touring by means of Irish women and men from different walks of lifestyles within the interval among Grattan’s Parliament (1782) and international battle I (1914). This was once a interval marked by way of an expanding actual and cultural mobility of Irish all through Britain, Continental Europe, the Americas, and the Pacific. trip was once undertaken for numerous purposes: in the course of the Romantic interval, the ‘Grand travel’ and what's now occasionally known as clinical tourism introduced Irish artists and intellectuals to Europe, the place cultural exchanges with different writers, artists, and thinkers encouraged them to introduce novel rules and cultural kinds to their Irish audiences. Showing this influence of the nineteenth-century Irish throughout nationwide borders and their engagement with international cultural and linguistic traditions, the amount will supply novel insights into the transcultural spheres of the humanities, literature, politics, and translation within which they have been active. 

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Download The Politics of Sentiment: Imagining and Remembering by O. Hugo Benavides PDF

By O. Hugo Benavides

Between 1890 and 1930, the port urban of Guayaquil, Ecuador, skilled a liberal revolution and a employees movement—key components in shaping the Ecuadorian nationwide id. during this booklet, O. Hugo Benavides examines those and different pivotal positive factors in shaping Guayaquilean id and immigrant identification formation quite often in transnational groups akin to these present in big apple City.

Turn-of-the-century Ecuador witnessed an interesting blend of changes: the formation of a countrywide citizenship; extension of the preferred vote to contributors of a conventional underclass of Indians and people of African descent; provisions for union organizing whereas moving into international marketplace capitalist kin; and a separation of church and kingdom that ended in the legalization of secular divorces. Assessing how those phenomena created a different cultural historical past for Guayaquileans, Benavides finds not just a particular cultural background but additionally a technique of constructing ethnic attachment quite often. He additionally features a learn of works by way of Medardo Angel Silva, the Afro-Ecuadorian poet whose singular literature embodies the consequences of Modernism's arrival in a locale steeped in contradictions of race, category, and sexuality.

Also comprising one of many first case reports of Raymond Williams's speculation at the dating among constructions of feeling and hegemony, this is often an illuminating representation of the strong relationships among traditionally knowledgeable stories and modern nationwide life.

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Download Third Party Sex Work and Pimps in the Age of by Amber Horning,Anthony Marcus PDF

By Amber Horning,Anthony Marcus

This volume is a compilation of recent unique qualitative and ethnographic learn on pimps and different 3rd get together facilitators of business intercourse from the built and constructing international. From African-American pimps within the usa and jap ecu migrants in Germany to Brazilian cafetãos and cafetinas this quantity gains the lives and voices of the boys and girls who permit assorted and culturally distinctive intercourse markets around the globe. In scholarly, renowned, and policy-making discourses, such people are in most cases seen as larger-than-life hustlers, violent predators, and brutal exploiters. notwithstanding, there's really little or no empirical research-based wisdom approximately how pimps and 3rd occasion facilitators truly reside, exertions, and make which means of their daily lives. approximately all earlier wisdom derives from rumour and post-hoc reporting from ex-sex-workers, shoppers, police and executive brokers, associates, and self-aggrandizing fictionalized memoirs.

This volume is the 1st released compilation of empirically researched information and research approximately pimps and 3rd events operating within the intercourse alternate around the globe. positioned in an age of hugely punitive and ubiquitous international anti-trafficking legislation, it demanding situations hugely charged public coverage stereotypes that conflate pimping and intercourse trafficking, which will comprehend the lived adventure of pimps and the boys and girls whose paintings they facilitate. 

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