Download Stand Your Ground: A History of America's Love Affair with by Caroline Light PDF

By Caroline Light

A background of America’s Stand Your flooring gun legislation, from Reconstruction to Trayvon Martin

After a tender, white gunman killed twenty-six humans at Sandy Hook uncomplicated college in Newtown, Connecticut, in December 2012, conservative legislators lamented that the tragedy might have been kept away from if the schoolteachers were armed and the lecture rooms built with weapons. related claims have been repeated within the aftermath of alternative contemporary shootings—after 9 have been killed in a church in Charleston, South Carolina, and within the aftermath of the bloodbath within the Pulse nightclub in Orlando, Florida. regardless of inevitable questions on gun keep watch over, there's a sharp elevate in firearm revenues within the wake of each mass shooting.

Yet, this type of DIY-security activism predates the modern gun rights movement—and even the stand-your-ground self-defense legislation followed in thirty-three states, or the 13 million civilians presently authorized to hold hid firearms. As pupil Caroline mild proves, aid for “good men with weapons” depends upon the entrenched trust that definite “bad men with weapons” threaten us all.

Stand Your Ground explores the improvement of the yankee correct to self-defense and divulges how the unique “duty to retreat” from hazard was once remodeled right into a selective correct to kill. In her rigorous family tree, mild lines white America’s attachment to racialized, deadly self-defense via unearthing its complicated criminal and social histories—from the unique “castle legislation” of the 1600s, which gave white males the suitable to guard their houses, to the brutal lynching of “criminal” Black our bodies throughout the Jim Crow period and the radicalization of the NRA because it transitioned from a wearing association to at least one of our country’s strongest lobbying forces.

In this convincing treatise at the usa’ unheard of ascension because the world’s most suitable stand-your-ground country, gentle exposes a heritage hidden in undeniable sight, displaying how violent self-defense has been legalized for the main privileged and used as a weapon opposed to the main vulnerable.

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Download Cruel Creeds, Virtuous Violence: Religious Violence Across by Jack David Eller PDF

By Jack David Eller

This illuminating, in-depth study presents a wealth of case fabric, demonstrating the various manifestations of non secular violence—not simply warfare and terrorism, that are the point of interest of such a lot of discussions of religiously encouraged violence—but additionally extra known types.  The writer, an anthropologist, devotes separate chapters to:

• sacrifice (both animal and human);
• self-mortification (including self-injury, asceticism, and martyrdom);
• spiritual persecution (from anti-Semitic pogroms to witchhunts);
• ethno-religious clash (including such hotspots as Sri Lanka, Northern eire, and the previous Yugoslavia);
• spiritual wars (from the traditional Hebrews’ wars and the Christian Crusades to Islamic jihad and Hindu righteous wars);
• and non secular murder and abuse (spousal abuse, genital mutilation, and "dowry death," between different manifestations).

In the ultimate bankruptcy, "Religion and Nonviolence," the writer examines nonviolent and low-conflict societies and considers quite a few tools of coping with clash.

This booklet is going some distance towards aiding us comprehend the character of violence often, its advanced connections with faith, and the way society sooner or later may keep away from being blindsided via the worst facets of human nature.

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Download Civil Disobedience: An Encyclopedic History of Dissidence in by Mary Ellen Snodgrass PDF

By Mary Ellen Snodgrass

all through American historical past, individuals with powerful ideals that ran counter to society's principles and legislation have used civil disobedience to enhance their reasons. From the Boston Tea social gathering in 1773, to the Pullman Strike in 1894, to the draft card burnings and sit-ins of more moderen occasions, civil disobedience has been a robust strength for effecting switch in American society.This complete A-Z encyclopedia offers a wealth of knowledge on humans, locations, activities, and occasions that confounded the legislations to concentration awareness on a subject matter or reason. It covers the motives and activities of activists around the political spectrum from colonial occasions to the current, and comprises political, social fiscal, environmental, and a myriad of alternative issues."Civil Disobedience" ties into all facets of the yank heritage curriculum, and is a wealthy resource of fabric for essays and debates on serious concerns and occasions that proceed to persuade our nation's legislation and values. It explores the philosophies, topics, ideas, and practices of activist teams and participants, in addition to the laws they encouraged. It encompasses a exact chronology of civil disobedience, listings of acts of judgment of right and wrong and civil disobedience by way of act and by way of position, a bibliography of fundamental and secondary assets, and a finished index whole the set.

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Download The Future of Testimony: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on by Antony Rowland,Jane Kilby PDF

By Antony Rowland,Jane Kilby

Celebrating the 20 th anniversary of the groundbreaking Testimony, this collection brings jointly the top teachers from a variety of scholarly fields to discover the that means, use, and price of testimony in legislation and politics, its courting to different kinds of writing like literature and poetry, and its position in society. It visits testimony relating to a variety of severe advancements, together with the increase of fact Commissions and the explosion and radical extension of human rights discourse; renewed cultural curiosity in perpetrators of violence along the outstanding advertisement luck of sufferer testimony (in the shape of distress memoirs); and the emergence of disciplinary curiosity in genocide, terror, and different violent atrocities. those matters are unavoidably inflected by means of the query of witnessing violence, ache, and anguish at either the neighborhood and international point, throughout cultures, and in postcolonial contexts. on the volume’s center is an interdisciplinary crisis over the present and destiny nature of witnessing because it performs out via a ‘new’ Europe, post-9/11 US, war-torn Africa, and in numerous refugee and detention facilities, and because it is labored out via attorneys, reporters, medics, and novelists. the gathering attracts jointly a global diversity of case-studies, together with dialogue of the previous Yugoslavia, Gaza, and Rwanda, and incorporates a cross-disciplinary set of texts, novels, plays, testimonial writing, and hybrid stories. the quantity situates itself on the state-of-the-art of dialogue and as such brings jointly the prime thinkers within the box, requiring that every deal with the longer term, awaiting and environment the long run phrases of discussion at the value of testimony.

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Download An Oral and Documentary History of the Darfur Genocide by Samuel Totten PDF

By Samuel Totten

The genocide in Darfur erupted in 2003 yet its seeds were planted years earlier than. Following years of assaults on their villages, livelihoods and people, in addition to political and financial disenfranchisement through the govt of Sudan, the black Africans of Darfur rebelled. In retaliation, Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir had his troops and an Arab defense force, the Janjaweed, perform a scorched earth coverage that resulted the in killing of noncombatants, males, girls, little ones, and the aged. within the strategy, adult females of every age have been raped, countless numbers of villages have been burned to the floor, and over million humans have been compelled from their villages. by means of mid-2007, estimates of these who were killed or had perished due loss of water, hunger, or accidents, ranged from a low of 250,000 to over 400,000.

This quantity set offers the harrowing tales of survivors of this genocide, and features a selection of respectable files delineating the overseas community's response to the hindrance in Darfur. the writer has interviewed dozen Sudanese refugees who fled their houses and made their method to the neighboring kingdom of Chad, recording their reports sooner than the conflict, in the course of a number of genocide occasions, and following their break out. these interviews contain quantity One. In quantity , the writer has chosen severe records issued by means of the us, the United countries, and the foreign felony courtroom, each one of which provides serious insights into how the foreign neighborhood considered the scorched earth coverage and atrocities and the way it reached to such. An Oral and Documentary historical past of the Darfur Genocide is a useful list of the way simply a robust executive can flip opposed to a country's weaker minorities.

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Download The Logic of Violence in Civil War (Cambridge Studies in by Stathis N. Kalyvas PDF

By Stathis N. Kalyvas

by means of analytically decoupling struggle and violence, this e-book explores the reasons and dynamics of violence in civil conflict. opposed to the existing view that such violence is an example of impenetrable insanity, the e-book demonstrates that there's common sense to it and that it has less to do with collective feelings, ideologies, and cultures than presently believed. Kalyvas specifies a singular concept of selective violence: it's together produced via political actors looking details and person civilians attempting to stay away from the worst but additionally grabbing what possibilities their concern gives them. Violence, he unearths, isn't an easy mirrored image of the optimum technique of its clients; its profoundly interactive personality defeats basic maximization logics whereas generating striking results, akin to relative nonviolence within the 'frontlines' of civil war.

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Download How To Make Money as a Mediator (And Create Value for by Jeffrey Krivis,Naomi Lucks PDF

By Jeffrey Krivis,Naomi Lucks

How to generate income as a Mediator (and Create price for Everyone) is a useful and inspirational source full of functional, confirmed, and down-to-earth info on how one can enhance a pleasing and profitable profession as a mediator, it doesn't matter what your zone of interest—labor and employment mediation, highbrow estate, atmosphere, own harm, relations and divorce, agreement, securities, or foreign peacekeeping.

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Download Contemporary Critical Criminology (Key Ideas in Criminology) by Walter S. DeKeseredy PDF

By Walter S. DeKeseredy

The suggestion of serious criminology – that crime and the current day techniques of criminalization are rooted within the middle constructions of society – is of extra relevance this day than it's been at the other time.

Written by way of an across the world popular student, Contemporary severe Criminology introduces the main up to date empirical, theoretical, and political contributions made via severe criminologists around the globe. In its exploration of this fabric, the ebook additionally demanding situations the faulty yet greatly held idea that the serious criminological venture is particular to routinely employing theories to sizeable subject matters, or to uncomplicated calling for radical political, financial, cultural, and social adjustments.

This publication is a vital resource of reference for either undergraduate and postgraduate scholars of Criminology, legal concept, Social coverage, examine technique, and Penology.

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Download Spiritualità e operosità delle donne imprenditrici. by Censis PDF

By Censis

l. a. ricerca, commissionata al Censis dall’Ufficio Nazionale in step with i problemi sociali e il lavoro della CEI, delinea un quadro di orientamento sull’attuale fase di sviluppo della cultura d’impresa al femminile. Il quantity si completa con le testimonianze di alcune donne imprenditrici sulla loro esperienza di vita.

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Download How Finkelstein Broke the Trauma Bond, and Beat the by Lawrence Swaim PDF

By Lawrence Swaim

Following on from the 1st books in his 'Genesis Trilogy', Lawrence Swaim tells the fantastic tales of people that broke the trauma bond, and created new lives for themselves. together with, between others: Norman Finkelstein (whose mom and dad have been either Holocaust survivors) who broke loose from the inter-generational trauma in his family members process through exposing vast corruption in his community--and in American society--and by means of operating for social justice within the center East; Eric Lomax, a former British soldier within the a ways east, who broke loose from his haunting irritating thoughts by means of assembly and reconciling with the japanese guy who had tortured him fifty years earlier than, with the aid of his courageous and insightful spouse; Gerry Adams who, along with his IRA and Sinn Fein comrades, broke freed from the trauma of Northern Ireland's civil warfare, eventually redeeming himself by way of wondering a few of his personal assumptions after which dedicating himself to attaining peace within the sturdy Friday (Peace) contract of 1998. it is a definitive publication approximately own fight opposed to aggravating reminiscence, but additionally approximately how trauma bonding operates in society. it's the author's trust that unresolved emotions of mental trauma are the wheelhouse of systemic evil, even if of the dictator, the demagogue or the legal psychopath. it truly is through manipulating shared annoying thoughts that tyrants keep watch over humans, and get them to do poor issues they might by no means another way do.

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